Click for Resources *Trauma-Informed* Juvenile Justice

Childhood Trauma Impacts:  Selected Resources

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 Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice

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The resources listed here are envisioned to be part of an evolving,  “living” list.

Please “comment” at the bottom of the page with any questions, suggestions, additions, updates, or errors.

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What is “Trauma-Informed” ?  Working Definition:

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A program, organization, or system that is “trauma-informed”

 realizes the widespread impact of trauma and understands potential paths for recovery;

recognizes the signs and symptoms of trauma in clients, families, staff, and others involved with the system; and

responds by fully integrating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures, and practices, and seeks to actively

resists re-traumatization

(SAMHSA’s Concept of  Trauma-Informed )

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is the agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation.

http://www.samhsa.gov/nctic/trauma-interventions

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5.  Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice

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What is a “Trauma-Informed” Juvenile Justice system?   A TARGETed Approach

http://jjie.org/what-is-a-trauma-informed-juvenile-justice-system-a-targeted-approach/262166/

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Why Juvenile Justice Reform needs Child Welfare at the table

http://jjie.org/2017/05/15/why-juvenile-justice-reform-needs-child-welfare-at-the-table/

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Trauma-Informed Child and Family Services  (NCTSN)

http://www.nctsn.org/resources/topics/creating-trauma-informed-systems

http://www.nctsn.org/resources/topics/juvenile-justice-system

http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/jj_ee_final.pdf

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We need to understand how to provide Trauma-Informed care

http://youthtoday.org/2016/07/we-need-to-understand-how-to-provide-trauma-informed-care/

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Public Health to oversee King County juvenile detention reorganization (Seattle)

http://www.kingcounty.gov/elected/executive/constantine/news/release/2017/November/16-juvenile-detention.aspx

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Trauma-Informed Policing

http://www.officer.com/article/12353704/trauma-informed-policing-in-juvenile-justice

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First Responders in the ACE and Resilience Movement: Addressing Secondary Trauma and Building Community

http://marc.healthfederation.org/shared-learnings/first-responders-ace-and-resilience-movement-addressing-secondary-trauma-and

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Police, Domestic Violence and Childhood Trauma

http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/Cops_Kids_DV_print_packet.pdf

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GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation

http://www.samhsa.gov/gains-center

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Emerging Issues in Behavioral Health and the Criminal Justice System:  SAMHSA

http://www.samhsa.gov/criminal-juvenile-justice/behavioral-health-criminal-justice

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We need to address Mental, Behavioral Health in kids who land in Justice System

http://jjie.org/2017/05/22/we-need-to-address-mental-behavioral-health-in-kids-who-land-in-justice-system/comment-page-1/#comment-126199

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Florida study confirms link between juvenile offenders and ACEs

https://acestoohigh.com/2014/08/20/florida-study-confirms-link-between-juvenile-offenders-aces-rates-much-higher-than-cdcs-ace-study/

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Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth:  Implications for Legal Advocates  (Issue Brief)

The brief cites efforts towards trauma-competent legal services in OhioNew YorkFloridaMichiganNorth Carolinaand Connecticut.

http://www.ojjdp.gov/programs/safestart/IB7_VictimizationTrauma_LegalAdvocates.pdf

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ABA Policy on Trauma-Informed Advocacy for Children and Youth

http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/child_law/ABA%20Policy%20on%20Trauma-Informed%20Advocacy.authcheckdam.pdf

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Getting Therapy Instead of Serving Time

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/11/an-alternative-therapy-for-young-offenders-and-their-families/508073/

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Children in Prison  [Equal Justice Initiative]

http://eji.org/children-prison

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The United States’ War on Youth: From Schools to Debtors’ Prisons   (Henry A. Giroux)

http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/38044-america-s-war-on-youth-from-schools-to-debtors-prisons

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Balancing Science with Justice for Violent Teens

http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/crime/2016/08/08/balancing-science-justice-violent-teens/88204522/

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Kids in Solitary in Philadelphia Jails

http://www.philly.com/philly/news/20160815_Kids_in_solitary_in_Philly_jails___quot_It_was_the_worst_time_of_my_life_quot_.html

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Solitary Confinement and Teens

https://medium.com/solitary-lives/q-a-solitary-confinement-and-teens-shouldnt-mix-39c190b7e15b#.p98klp64f

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Obama Bans Solitary Confinement For Juveniles In Federal Prisons

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/01/25/463891388/obama-announces-reforms-to-solitary-confinement-in-federal-prisons

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Missed Opportunities: Preventing Youth in the Child Welfare system From Entering the Juvenile Justice System, Citizens for Juvenile Justice

“…Massachusetts’ Safe and Supportive School law as a practice that may positively impact young people involved in both the juvenile justice and child welfare systems.”

http://tlpi.jacksonwhelan.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Citizens-for-Juvenile-Justice-Missed-Opportunities-2015.pdf

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Youth of Color and the Juvenile Justice System

http://jjie.org/series/youth-of-color-and-the-juvenile-justice-system/

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Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms are Associated with the Frequency and Severity of Delinquency Among Detained Boys

http://njdc.info/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Becker-Kerig-PTSD-Symptoms-Delinquency-Among-Detained-Boys-2011.pdf

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Trauma Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System

http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/trauma_among_girls_in_the_jj_system_2014.pdf

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One hundred percent of female juvenile offenders now receiving mental health treatment (Cleveland)

http://www.news5cleveland.com/news/e-team/one-hundred-percent-of-female-juvenile-offenders-now-receiving-mental-health-treatment

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We Must Decriminalize Trauma for Girls with Histories of Abuse or Neglect

http://jjie.org/we-must-decriminalize-trauma-for-girls-with-histories-of-abuse-or-neglect/250299/

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Safety at a Girls Secure Juvenile Justice Facility

http://www.sanctuaryweb.com/Portals/0/Bloom%20Pubs/Related%20Authors/2015%20Elwyn%20Esaki%20Smith%20Safety%20in%20a%20girls%20secure%20juvenile%20justice.pdf

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“Safe Babies” Court

https://acestoohigh.com/2015/02/23/in-safe-babies-courts-99-of-kids-dont-suffer-more-abuse-but-less-than-1-of-u-s-family-courts-are-safe-babies-courts/

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Essential Components of Trauma Informed Judicial Practice

http://www.nasmhpd.org/sites/default/files/JudgesEssential_5%201%202013finaldraft.pdf

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Developing a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) School-Justice Partnerships: Technical Assistance Tools

http://www.ncjfcj.org/SJP-MOU-Toolkit.

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A SYSTEM of care for traumatized children

https://acestoohigh.com/2017/03/14/a-system-of-care-for-traumatized-children/

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Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Guiding Principles

https://www.ncjfcj.org/Vision21-LSC-Guiding-Principles

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Why Trauma-Informed Courts are Important

http://jjie.org/why-trauma-informed-courts-are-important/321540/

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What We Know, and What the Court System Is Learning

http://www.sainta.org/what-we-know-and-what-the-court-system-is-learning/

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Trauma-Informed Care for Juvenile Justice Staff Must Include Self-Care

http://jjie.org/trauma-informed-care-for-juvenile-justice-staff-must-include-self-care/294114/

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Neuroscience Suggests the Justice System May Be Too Harsh on Young Adults

http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2016/10/the-justice-system-young-adults.html

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Who’s a Kid?  [Dana Goldstein in ‘The Marshall Project’]

https://www.themarshallproject.org/2016/10/27/who-s-a-kid#.vm1NrGpjA

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U.S. Attorney General’s report: “Defending Childhood”

This website, funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), provides resources to stop child abuse and end child trauma.  Resources include a detailed written report “Defending Childhood”.

https://www.justice.gov/defendingchildhood

Defending Childhood

 

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Changing Minds” from Defending Childhood

Attorney General Eric Holder launched a program in 2010 called Defending Childhood, and last week Holder announced the launch of “Changing Minds,” to help adults heal children exposed to trauma. The former attorney general explains further in this Guest Post:”  

https://www.washingtonpost.com…ood-trauma/#comments

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“THRIVE”:  Expanding Trauma-Informed System of Care Practices in Maine:  A Partnership with Juvenile Justice, Families, and Youth

http://thriveinitiative.org/

 

Healing the Invisible Wounds: Children’s Exposure to Violence A Guide for Families

http://www.ojjdp.gov/programs/safestart/HealingTheInvisibleWounds.pdf

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“School to Prison Pipeline” priorities
Spending comparisons schools vs. prisons, state by state

http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/other/expenditures-corrections-education/brief.pdf?link_id=0&can_id=974842efebffedaa7947750b4a7f5871&source=email-pft-enews-july-8-2016&email_referrer=pft-enews-july-8-2016&email_subject=pft-enews-july-8-2016

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Leaders Collaborating to Advance Positive School Discipline in Indiana

“However, in order to foster positive school discipline practices, school systems across the state could benefit from access to sustainable funding sources for culturally-responsive, multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) that incorporate traumainformed care and restorative justice principles”

http://media.ibj.com/Lawyer/websites/opinions/index.php?pdf=2016/july/CPLISummitReport.pdf   (PAGE 3)

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Measuring the impact: Schools struggle from multiple angles with incarceration

http://www.educationdive.com/news/measuring-the-impact-schools-struggle-from-multiple-angles-with-incarcerat/422722/

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*** Research Journal Article Links ***

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Looking Forward: A Research and Policy Agenda for Creating Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/300166162_Looking_Forward_A_Research_and_Policy_Agenda_for_Creating_Trauma-Informed_Juvenile_Justice_Systems

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The Impact of Trauma on Child Development

http://www.psychceu.com/nctsn/Putnam.impact.pdf

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Trauma histories among justice-involved youth: findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3714673/

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Pathways from Traumatic Child Victimization to Delinquency:  Implications for Juvenile and Permanency Court Proceedings and Decisions

http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/edu_materials/Winter%2006_Ford_et_al.pdf

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Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress, and comorbidities in female adolescent offenders: findings and implications from recent studies

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3402101/

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Promising Directions for the Treatment of Complex Childhood Trauma:  The Intergenerational Trauma Treatment Model

http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/bov/1/3/273.html

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Complex Trauma and Aggression in Secure Juvenile Justice Settings

http://cjb.sagepub.com/content/39/6/694.full.pdf+html

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INTEGRATION  Creating Trauma-Informed Systems: Child Welfare, Education, First Responders, Health Care, Juvenile Justice

http://www.mhcc.org.au/media/25289/berkowitz-ford-ko-2008.pdf

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*** Social Media Links***

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CJCA Webinar: What Trauma Informed Care Really Means  


Trauma-informed care is a buzzword in the juvenile justice field but there remain many questions about what exactly this means, how to    implement it, and which specific practices improve outcomes for youth, families, staff, and agencies.

  

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Zero Tolerance discipline    versus    Childhood Trauma  School to Prison Pipeline:                                                                            

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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/OJPOJJDP/

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Look for a series of short vignettes about developmental trauma,“Nowhere to Hide”, on LucidWitness.com .

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     “Nowhere to Hide” series overview

                                             click HERE
Photo © Daun Kauffman

 

             “Nowhere to Hide” series links

Each separate, individual article in the series focuses on a single component of the workings of developmental trauma, via real life examples in short “60 second” soundbites, akin to “Public Service Announcements” (PSAs).  They are designed for sharing in social media networks to grow public awareness.

Trigger warning: 

the children’s experiences in the vignettes are unvarnished.  Their traumatic responses may trigger painful memories.

 

Nowhere to Hide:  Maria; Fight, flight or freeze

Photo © Daun Kauffman

Nowhere to Hide:  Andre’s Fear; What are Adverse Childhood Experiences?

Photo © Daun Kauffman

Nowhere to Hide:  Jamar’s Hyper-arousal 

Photo © Daun Kauffman

Nowhere to Hide:  Roberto’s Dissociation 

Public Domain @ Pixabay

Nowhere to Hide:  Danny’s Memory

Photo © Daun Kauffman

Nowhere to Hide:  Ashley’s “Normal” Education?   Part 1

Pixabay: adamova1210

Nowhere to Hide:  Ashley’s “Normal” Education?   Part 2

Photo © Daun Kauffman

More to come

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“Like” us at  “Trauma-Informed Pedagogy” on Facebook

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Please share a PSA link to help grow public awareness of the impacts of developmental trauma. There are so many of us who’ve never heard of the overpowering life-long impacts.

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“Peek Inside a Classroom” series overview

The second original series, “Peek Inside a Classroom”, provides much more detailed looks inside my classroom, primarily focused on specific students: Jasmine, Danny and José.

Other children are captured in broader looks at education reform concepts: “Failing Schools or Failing Paradigm?” and “Effective Education Reform”, co-authored with Sandra L. Bloom, M. D..

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“Peek Inside a Classroom” series links

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Peek Inside a Classroom:  Jasmine

© Elliot Gilfix/Flickr

Peek Inside a Classroom:  Danny

Photo © Daun Kauffman

Peek Inside a Classroom: José

belseykurns: Pixabay public domain
belseykurns: Pixabay public domain

Peek Inside a Classroom:  Failing Schools or Failing Paradigm?

Peek Inside a Classroom:  Effective Education Reform (with Sandra Bloom, M.D.)

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“Click for Resources…”  series overview:

“Click for Resources”  posts are the theory and research behind the narrative posts in  “Nowhere to Hide” and “Peek Inside a Classroom”.

Each post in “Click for Resources “ is divided in three parts:

1) general press articles,

2) Research Journals or academic papers

3) social media, often with video.

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“Click for Resources” series links:

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1.   Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Studies:   CLICK HERE

 2.  Impacts of Childhood Trauma: Overview               CLICK HERE

Click for Resources: Social Media on Impacts of Childhood Trauma

Click for Resources: Journal Articles on Impacts of Developmental Trauma

 3.   Trauma-Informed Schools                                               CLICK HERE

Flickr: andrew and hobbes

 4.  Trauma-Informed Social Services                                CLICK HERE 

Flickr: andrew and hobbes

 5.   Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice                             CLICK HERE

Flickr: andrew and hobbes

 6.  Trauma-Informed Public Policy                                   CLICK HERE

Flickr: andrew and hobbes

 7.  Childhood Trauma Training and Tools                     CLICK HERE

the concept of learning

 8.  Book and Publication selections                                CLICK HERE

Public Domain

9.   #800 phone numbers                                                         CLICK HERE

Pixabay: Public Domain
Developmental trauma,  still “the elephant in the  [class] room”  for many adults.

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“Like” us at  “Trauma-Informed Pedagogy” on Facebook

 

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The resources listed here are envisioned to be part of an evolving,  “living” list.
Please “comment” below with any questions, suggestions, additions, updates, or errors.
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