Click for Resources: Impacts of Childhood Trauma

Impacts of Childhood Trauma:  Selected Resources

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2. Impacts of Childhood Trauma Overview (A)

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The resources listed here are envisioned to be part of an evolving,  “living” list.

Please “comment” at the bottom of the page with any questions, suggestions, additions, updates, or errors.

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Childhood Trauma:  a working definition

“Trauma happens when any experience stuns us like a bolt out of the blue; it overwhelms us, leaving us altered and disconnected from our bodies.

 Any coping mechanisms we may have had are undermined and we feel utterly helpless and hopeless.  It is as if our legs are knocked out from under us.

…the younger the child, the more likely she is to be overwhelmed by common occurrences that might not affect an older child or adult”.

Peter A. Levine and Maggie Kline

Trauma Through a Child’s Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing, Infancy through adolescence.      Page 4

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Contents:   “Impacts of Childhood Trauma”

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1.  Brain Architecture changes:    trauma responses change chemical and electrical processes and brain usage patterns,  which then affect the structure of the brain and its functioning cognitively and socially.

2.  Childhood Trauma definitions: “traumatic stress,” versus, “acute trauma,” versus “chronic trauma,” versus “complex trauma” :

3.  Behavioral effects of trauma:  hyper-arousal, dissociation, hyper-vigilance

4.  Memory function changes, sensory triggers, flashbacks

5.  Childhood “Neglect” is trauma:   Neglect,   Attachment,   Self-regulation

6.  Reenactment and repetition compulsion issues

7.  Trauma symptoms similar to ADHD in children

8.   Lifetime (and longer) effects of trauma

9.    Protective and Risk factors

10.   Recognizing trauma-impacted children

11.   Process steps toward better health: safety, safety, safety

12.  The  U. S. Attorney General’s  Report on violence and childhood trauma

13.  “Trauma-Informed” definitions, principles and practices

14.  Generational and Ethnic trauma

15.  Medical trauma

16.  Vicarious trauma

17.  The concepts of “Resilience”, “Grit” and “Healing”

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*** Research Journal Article Topics ***(B)

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   CLICK HERE to go to Research Journal Article Links

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R.1.   Brain Architecture Changes,   Neurobiology of Childhood Trauma

R. 2.  Social and Behavioral  Changes: Neuroscience of Adaptation

R. 3. Child Maltreatment and  Attachment:     Neurodevelopmental Roles of Trauma and  Neglect

R. 4.  Exposure to Violence Changes Academic Outcomes, especially Literacy

R. 5.  Correlations with income and poverty.  Causation (?)

R. 6.  Memory Processing Changes

R. 7. Lifespan  Changes from Childhood Trauma and Stress

R. 8.  Screening and Assessment Tools for Childhood Trauma

R. 9.  Helpful Interventions

R. 10. WebSites for Drs Sandra Bloom, Bruce Perry, Daniel Siegel, Martin Teicher, Bessel van der Kolk

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*** Social Media Links***(C)

 Social Media links are not numbered
CLICK HERE to go to Social Media Links

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Impacts of Childhood Trauma Overview (A) :   physical, mental and social health impacts

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 1.  Brain Architecture Changes:    

  The Developing Brain of the Young Child
Brain Architecture and how it develops

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/science/key-concepts/brain-architecture/

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“Toxic Stress”:   disrupts the development of brain architecture

Center on the  Developing Child, Harvard University

“when a child experiences strong, frequent, and/or prolonged adversity—such as physical or emotional abuse, chronic neglect, caregiver substance abuse or mental illness, exposure to violence, and/or the accumulated burdens of family economic hardship—without adequate adult support. This kind of prolonged activation of the stress response systems can disrupt the development of brain architecture and other organ systems, and increase the risk for stress-related disease and cognitive impairment, well into the adult years.”

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/science/key-concepts/toxic-stress/

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Excessive Stress Disrupts the Architecture of the Developing Brain.

Center on the  Developing Child, Harvard University

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/wp3/

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Persistent Fear and Anxiety Can Affect Young Children’s Learning and Development.

  Center on the  Developing Child, Harvard University

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/persistent-fear-and-anxiety-can-affect-young-childrens-learning-and-development/

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Impact of Early Adversity on Brain Development

“…research on the biology of stress, shows that major adversity can weaken developing brain architecture and permanently set the body’s stress response system on high alert.”

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Videohttp://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/inbrief-the-impact-of-early-adversity-on-childrens-development-video/

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Studies pinpoint how stress from parental discord physically damages kids

http://www.centralmaine.com/2016/11/21/column-studies-pinpoint-how-stress-from-parental-discord-physically-damages-kids/

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Brain Development and “Executive Function” skills

“A number of studies have shown that exposure to highly stressful early environments is associated with deficits in the development of children’s working memory, attention, and inhibitory control skills.  Damaging fear and toxic stress are likely mechanisms that explain these effects, in part, because they affect the chemistry of brain circuits involved in the development of these capacities, and they impair the specific neuronal architecture that is engaged when we try to keep information in working memory, inhibit a habitual action, or address problems in a flexible manner.”

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/building-the-brains-air-traffic-control-system-how-early-experiences-shape-the-development-of-executive-function/

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/science/key-concepts/executive-function/

http://deltraining.com/courses/Executive_Function/content-frame.htm

http://www.heitkamp.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/6cf89b90-9c2f-4f83-8b47-6e84e58ab6ed/5-25-us-senat-impact-of-trauma.pdf    The  Science of Trauma Congressional Briefing,  May 25, 2016

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Why Executive Function is a Vital Stepping-Stone For Kids’ Ability to Learn

https://ww2.kqed.org/mindshift/2016/12/13/why-executive-function-is-a-vital-stepping-stone-for-kids-ability-to-learn/

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Maltreatment and the Developing Child

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Understanding the Behavioral and Emotional Consequences of Child Abuse

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/122/3/667.full

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Maltreatment and the Developing Child

https://childtrauma.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/McCainLecture_Perry.pdf

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Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Early Brain Development

https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/earlybrain.pdf

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“Wounds that won’t heal.”        Martin H.TeicherM.D.,Ph.D.  

 http://www.dana.org/Cerebrum/2000/Wounds_That_Time_Won%E2%80%99t_Heal__The_Neurobiology_of_Child_Abuse/

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The Core Story of Brain Development  (Video)

http://www.albertafamilywellness.org/resources/video/how-brains-are-built-core-story-brain-development    There are some things a child can not do on her own…..

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Pre-natal or in-utero trauma:

http://beba.org/early-traum/

http://attachmentdisorderhealing.com/developmental-trauma-2/

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Brain Development, Trauma and Epigenetics

Nature “versus” Nurture ?

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/early-experiences-can-alter-gene-expression-and-affect-long-term-development/

https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/brain_development.pdf#page=1&view=Introduction

https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/issue-briefs/brain-development/

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The “Smoke Detector”,  “Cook” and  “WatchTower”

by Ruth Buczynski, PhD with Bessel van der Kolk, MD

http://www.nicabm.com/treatingtrauma2014/quickstart-sample/  The amydala, thalamus, and pre-fronal cortex

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Why Do Schools Need to be Trauma-Informed?  

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http://www.healthiersf.org/RestorativePractices/Resources/documents/RP%20Community%20Resources%20and%20Articles/Trauma%20Informed%20Practice/WhySchoolsNeedToBeTraumaInformed(2).pdf

https://www.starr.org/research/why-schools-need-be-trauma-informed

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2.  Childhood Trauma definitions :  

“traumatic stress,”  versus  “acute trauma,”  versus  “chronic trauma,”  versus  “complex trauma”,  versus Developmental Trauma diagnosis

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Trauma Definitions and Overview

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Sandra L Bloom M.D.

http://sanctuaryweb.com/Portals/0/Bloom%20Pubs/1999%20Bloom%20Trauma%20Theory%20Abbreviated.pdf

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What is Trauma?

What is trauma ?   http://www.doe.mass.edu/tss/about.html?section=1

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Violence Is One Small Part of Childhood Trauma: So Why Do We Tend to Focus on It Alone ?   http://www.acesconnection.com/blog/childhood-violence-and-the-whac-a-mole-effect

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SAMHSA’s Concept of Trauma and Guidance for a Trauma-Informed Approach  http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA14-4884/SMA14-4884.pdf

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What Is Child Traumatic Stress?

National Child Traumatic Stress Network

http://www.nctsnet.org/

http://www.nctsn.org/resources/audiences/parents-caregivers/what-is-cts

http://www.nctsn.org/resources/audiences/parents-caregivers/understanding-child-traumatic-stress#q13

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What Is “Complex” Trauma ?  What are its Effects ?
Childhood Trauma:  “Acute,” versus “chronic,” versus “complex” http://nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/CWT3_SHO_Slides.pdf     (Slides 23 through 25)

http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/complex-trauma

http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/complex-trauma/effects-of-complex-trauma

https://nursebuddha.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/complex-trauma-in-children.pdf

http://www.pathwaysrtc.pdx.edu/pdf/fpW0702.pdf

http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/ComplexTrauma_All.pdf

http://ext100.wsu.edu/cafru/complex-trauma-2/

http://ext100.wsu.edu/cafru/

http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/complex-trauma/effects-of-complex-trauma#q4

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 What was the Developmental Trauma (DTD) Proposal for DSM-5 ?

http://www.attachmentdisordermaryland.com/traumadisorders.htm

http://www.attachmenttraumanetwork.org/attachment-trauma/developmental-trauma-disorder-2/

 

Childhood trauma, abuse and neglect:  Truths and consequences(+DTD argument)

http://www.cttntraumatraining.org/uploads/4/6/2/3/46231093/keynote_session-complex_trauma_developmental__neurobiological_impact_english.pdf

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We Need to Understand How to Provide Trauma-Informed Care

 http://youthtoday.org/2016/07/we-need-to-understand-how-to-provide-trauma-informed-care/

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3.  Behavioral effects of trauma:  hyper-arousal, dissociation, hyper-vigilance.

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Social and Behavioral Effects of Trauma

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Understanding the Behavioral and Emotional Consequences of Child Abuse

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/122/3/667.full

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Bruce D. Perry M.D., Ph. D.

Hyper-arousal and Dissociation

 

SevenSlideSeries: Threat Response Patterns

 

 

http://www.childtraumaacademy.com/surviving_childhood/lesson02/printing.html

 

http://www.mentalhealthconnection.org/pdfs/perry-handout-effects-of-trauma.pdf    (Glossary at end)

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Trauma Impairs Interpretation

http://www.childtraumaacademy.com/amazing_brain/lesson05/page02.html

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Understanding Traumatized and Maltreated Children: The Core Concepts — Violence and Childhood  

http://www.lfcc.on.ca/Perry_Core_Concepts_Violence_and_Childhood.pdf.

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Trauma Defenses:  Hyper arousal and Hyper-vigilance

Trauma Through a Child’s Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing       (Book)    Chapter 3

http://sanctuaryweb.com/Portals/0/Bloom%20Pubs/2013%20Bloom%20The%20Impact%20of%20Trauma%20on%20Development%20and%20Well-being.pdf  Pages 8-12

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How trauma ‘gets under the skin’: Biological and cognitive processes of child maltreatment

http://www.extension.umn.edu/family/cyfc/our-programs/ereview/docs/March2013ereview.pdf  (PAGE 7)

http://conservancy.umn.edu/handle/11299/149429

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Trauma Defenses:  Dissociation

 

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN):  Dissociation

http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/complex-trauma/effects-of-complex-trauma#q4

 

Sandra Bloom, M.D.:  Dissociation

http://sanctuaryweb.com/Portals/0/2010%20PDFs%20NEW/2010%20Bloom%20Dissociation.pdf

 

Six Ways Developmental Trauma Shapes Adult Identity (Psychology Today) Grant H. Brenner, M.D.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/experimentations/201707/six-ways-developmental-trauma-shapes-adult-identity

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Dissociation FAQs:   International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation

http://www.isst-d.org/default.asp?contentID=76#diss

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The Language of Trauma and Loss

http://westernreservepublicmedia.org/trauma/effect.htm

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4.  Memory function changes, sensory triggers, flashbacks:

Trauma and Memory

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1440-1819.1998.0520s5S97.x/full    (B. A, van der Kolk, M.D.)

http://www.sidran.org/resources/for-survivors-and-loved-ones/what-are-traumatic-memories/

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Memory, Fear and Fear Memory or Flashbacks

http://www.childtraumaacademy.com/surviving_childhood/lesson03/printing.html

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/index.shtml

http://www.traumacenter.org/products/pdf_files/memory_smart_warner.pdf

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Trauma Impact on memory and brain structures (Paper 3, Paper 5)

http://www.childhood.org.au/for-professionals/smart-online-training

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What is a “Trigger”?        (Triggers are sensory)

What is a “trigger”?               http://psychcentral.com/lib/what-is-a-trigger/

Learning trauma triggers  https://lakesideconnect.com/trauma-and-trauma-informed-care/learning-the-trauma-triggers/

Triggers domestic violence survivors face, and how to get through them   https://www.domesticshelters.org/domestic-violence-articles-information/when-the-feelings-rush-back#.V4jFSbgrKM-

‘The Touch of Memory’ Ines Possemeyer, GEOmagazine

http://www.traumacenter.org/products/pdf_files/memory_smart_warner.pdf

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5.  Childhood “Neglect” is trauma:    Neglect,    Attachment,    Self-regulation:

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The Science of Neglect:  Baby and Mom’s ‘Still Face’

http://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/inbrief-the-science-of-neglect-video/

http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types#q7

Video:   “Still Face” experiment:   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=apzXGEbZht0

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Attachment Theory outline and links  

Sandra L. Bloom M.D.

http://sanctuaryweb.com/TheSanctuaryModel/TheSanctuaryModelAnIntegratedTheory/AttachmentandDisruptedAttachment.aspx

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Attachment,  Regulation and  Competency

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http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/complex-trauma/effects-of-complex-trauma#q1

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https://childtrauma.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Bonding_13.pdf

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http://www.traumacenter.org/research/ascot.php

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http://psychrights.org/research/Digest/CriticalThinkRxCites/kinniburgh.pdf

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6.  Reenactment, repetition compulsion issues:

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http://sanctuaryweb.com/Portals/0/2010%20PDFs%20NEW/2010%20Bloom%20Reenactment.pdf

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http://sanctuaryweb.com/Portals/0/2010%20PDFs%20NEW/2010%20Bloom%20Traumatic%20Reenactment%20and%20the%20Theater%20of%20Our%20Lives.pdf

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How Childhood Defenses Hurt Us as Adults

http://www.psychalive.org/how-childhood-defenses-hurt-us-as-adults/

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7.  Childhood Trauma symptoms similar to ADHD:

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How Childhood Trauma Could Be Mistaken for ADHD

http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/07/how-childhood-trauma-could-be-mistaken-for-adhd/373328/

Is It ADHD or Child Traumatic Stress?   Guide for Clinicians

http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/adhd_and_child_traumatic_stress_final.pdf

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8.  Lifetime (and longer) effects of trauma:

The Effects of Childhood Stress on Lifespan Health 

https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/6978

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“The Hidden Epidemic: The Impact of Early Life Trauma on Health and Disease” R. Lanius & E. Vermetten editors. Cambridge University Press, June 2010   (Chapter 5)

http://www.unnaturalcauses.org/assets/uploads/file/ACE%20Study-Lanius.pdf

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Trans-generational Impacts of Childhood Trauma

http://juneauempire.com/local/2016-06-03/stopping-flow-childhood-trauma-one-generation-next

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9.  Protective and Risk factors:

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Resolving the Trauma You Didn’t Know You Had

   http://www.psychalive.org/resolving-trauma/

http://mentalhealth.vermont.gov/sites/dmh/files/report/cafu/DMH-CAFU_Psychological_Trauma_Moroz.pdf                (See pages 8, 14,15)

http://www.giftfromwithin.org/html/promote.html

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Gratitude

Improving mental health in health care practitioners: Randomized controlled trial of a gratitude intervention.

http://psycnet.apa.org/?&fa=main.doiLanding&doi=10.1037/a0037895

http://www.heysigmund.com/the-science-of-gratitude/

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10.  Recognizing trauma-impacted children:

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Signs of Stress in Children and Teens

http://www.edutopia.org/blog/brains-in-pain-cannot-learn-lori-desautels

http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/stress-children.aspx

STOP IT NOW!  Together we can stop the sexual abuse of children.       http://www.stopitnow.org/

Warning signs:  http://www.stopitnow.org/ohc-content/tip-sheet-7

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Recognizing and Treating Childhood Trauma

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Variations in impact on the brain (and symptoms) by age.  http://nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/CWT3_SHO_Slides.pdf    (See Slides 42 through 44)

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About Trauma: Effects on Children – By Function  http://www.doe.mass.edu/tss/about.html?section=6

http://www.samhsa.gov/child-trauma/recognizing-and-treating-child-traumatic-stress#impact

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Screening for Childhood Trauma

Child Welfare Information Gateway  https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/systemwide/assessment/family-assess/childneeds/trauma/

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Guidance for Trauma Screening in Schools:   A Product of the Defending Childhood State Policy Initiative

http://www.ncmhjj.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Screening-Eklund_rossen-FINAL-FORMATTED-1.pdf   (September 2106)

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11.  Process steps toward better health:  safety, safety, safety

Phases or Stages on the way to More Stability

Judith Herman’s ‘Stages of Recovery’

Safety ** Safety ** Safety

https://lakesideconnect.com/trauma-and-trauma-informed-care/the-first-and-most-important-phase-of-trauma-recovery/

http://trauma-recovery.ca/recovery/phases-of-trauma-recovery/

http://mentalhealth.vermont.gov/sites/dmh/files/report/cafu/DMH-CAFU_Psychological_Trauma_Moroz.pdf   . . .(See pages 20-22 for summary of three stages)

https://books.google.com/books?id=ABhpCQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Judith+Herman+Trauma+and+Recovery+1992&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjM47383trNAhXBzIMKHU65DyoQ6AEIKzAB#v=onepage&q=Judith%20Herman%20Trauma%20and%20Recovery%201992&f=false

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Helping Traumatized Children:  Guide for Caregivers

https://childtrauma.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Helping_Traumatized_Children_Caregivers_Perry1.pdf

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Helping Children and Youth Who Have Experienced Traumatic Events  (SAMHSA)

http://archive.samhsa.gov/children/SAMHSA_Short_Report_2011.pdf

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Storytelling to help young clients deal with trauma

http://generocity.org/philly/2016/12/27/meaghan-corrado-storiez/

http://storiezguide.com/

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Creating narrative —  Resolving the Trauma You Didn’t Know You Had

https://www.psychalive.org/resolving-trauma/

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Tips for Trauma Outbursts

https://lakesideconnect.com/trauma-and-trauma-informed-care/a-few-pointers-in-helping-trauma-outbursts/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+LakesideConnect+%28Lakeside+Connect%29

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Principles of Self-Regulation

http://fpg.unc.edu/resources/seven-key-principles-self-regulation-and-self-regulation-context

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12.  U. S. Attorney General’s Report on violence and childhood trauma: “Defending Childhood”

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This website, funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), provides resources to stop child abuse and end child trauma.  Resources include a detailed written report “Defending Childhood”.

https://www.justice.gov/defendingchildhood

Defending Childhood

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Preventing Children’s Exposure to Violence:  

 The Defending Childhood Initiative

https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/238485.pdf

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Changing Minds” from Defending Childhood

“Attorney General Eric Holder launched a program in 2010 called Defending Childhood, and last week Holder announced the launch of “Changing Minds,” to help adults heal children exposed to trauma. The former attorney general explains further in this Guest Post:”  

https://changingmindsnow.org/

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13.  “Trauma-Informed” definitions, principles and practices:

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What is “Trauma-Informed” ?  Working Definition:

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A program, organization, or system that is “trauma-informed”  realizes the widespread impact of trauma and understands potential paths for recovery; recognizes the signs and symptoms of trauma in clients, families, staff, and others involved with the system; and responds by fully integrating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures, and practices, and seeks to actively resist re-traumatization

(SAMHSA’s Concept of a Trauma-Informed Approach)

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is the agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation.

SAMHSA’s Concept of Trauma and Guidance for a Trauma-Informed Approach    (pages 7-9 for definitions)     http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA14-4884/SMA14-4884.pdf

Trauma-Informed Approach and Trauma-Specific Interventions     (SAMHSA)          http://www.samhsa.gov/nctic/trauma-interventions

The Sanctuary Model, Sandra Bloom, M.D.    Trauma-Informed Means Changing Organizational Culture  

Not A Machine but Alive; Not Broken but Injured  http://www.sanctuaryweb.com/PublicHealth/Trauma-InformedSystems.aspx

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Models for Developing Trauma-Informed Behavioral Health Systems and Trauma-Specific Services              (page 10 in particular, for one definition)

http://www.ct.gov/dmhas/lib/dmhas/trauma/TraumaModels.pdf        

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Trauma-Informed Care Project

http://www.traumainformedcareproject.org/    . . .  (“Home” page definition TIC)

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Trauma-Informed Caregiving:  Seven Essentials (Wisconsin)

http://www.sainta.org/trauma-informed-care/seven-essential-ingredients/.

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Trauma-Informed Practice:  Nine Principles

http://www.childhood.org.au/for-professionals/our-trauma-informed-principles

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Principles of Self-Regulation

http://fpg.unc.edu/resources/seven-key-principles-self-regulation-and-self-regulation-context

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Literature Review:  Trauma-Sensitive daycare, 0-8 years

“Childcare centres, preschools and schools are designed to provide children with safe environments to learn, grow and develop.

Unfortunately many children arrive carrying an overwhelming burden, which if not understood and managed, impairs their capacity to learn and to benefit from the rich possibilities that the environment can provide. “

 http://www.whealth.com.au/documents/work/trauma/LiteratureReview.pdf

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14.  Generational and Ethnic trauma

Generational Trauma: How We Can Heal Our Selves Through our Ancestors

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/generational-trauma-how-we-can-heal-our-selves-through_us_595ba894e4b0c85b96c66482

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Hereditary trauma: Inheritance of traumas and how they may be mediated

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140413135953.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencedaily%2Fmind_brain%2Fptsd+%28PTSD+News+–+ScienceDaily%29

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Trans-generational Impacts of Childhood Trauma

http://juneauempire.com/local/2016-06-03/stopping-flow-childhood-trauma-one-generation-next

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Historical trauma (NCTSN series)

“Responses to trauma are often mediated by culture and history, a reality which should inform the delivery of mental health services for all culturally diverse groups.”

“… multigenerational trauma affects individual and familial response to trauma and loss. In practice, clinicians must be mindful that the pain children experience may be related to the pain that their parents, grandparents, and ancestors experienced”

(NCTSN series)

Native American trauma  http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/conversations_about_historical_trauma_part_one.pdf

African American trauma  http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/historical_trauma_pt_2.pdf

Jewish holocaust trauma and Japanese internment trauma    http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/historical_trauma_pt_3.pdf

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Child Trauma Advocates Grapple with Historical Trauma

https://chronicleofsocialchange.org/news-2/child-trauma-advocates-grapple-historical-trauma/25843

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Researchers Explore Roots of American Indian Resilience

https://www.azpm.org/s/15914-researchers-explore-roots-of-american-indian-resilience/

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Stress hormones underlie Indigenous health gap

https://www.jcu.edu.au/news/releases/2017/february/stress-hormones-underlie-indigenous-health-gap-in-australia

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15.  Medical Trauma

NCTSN: Medical Trauma Definitions and tools

http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/medical-trauma

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Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress Toolkit for Health Care Providers

http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/pediatric-medical-traumatic-stress-toolkit-for-health-care-providers

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The Center for Pediatric Traumatic Stress (CPTS) at  The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

http://www.chop.edu/centers-programs/center-pediatric-traumatic-stress

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Healthcare Toolbox for Providers

https://www.healthcaretoolbox.org/tools-and-resources/resources-and-links.html

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Basics of Trauma-Informed Care

https://www.healthcaretoolbox.org/

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Working with children and families experiencing medical traumatic stress:

https://www.healthcaretoolbox.org/images/TherapistResourceGuide.pdf

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Healthcare Toolbox:  Patient Education Materials

https://www.healthcaretoolbox.org/patient-education-materials.html

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American Academy Pediatrics: Creating  Medical Home the Resilience Project

https://www.aap.org/en-us/advocacy-and-policy/aap-health-initiatives/resilience/Pages/Creating-a-Medical-Home.aspx?nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token

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Healthcare Toolbox:  Helping Kids in Foster Care Cope with Distress Related to Medical Care

https://www.healthcaretoolbox.org/latest-news/24-training-education/442-helping-kids-in-foster-care-cope-with-distress-related-to-medical-care.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+HealthCareToolbox+%28Health+Care+Toolbox%29

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More Than the Nice Thing To Do: Does Trauma Informed Care Really Make an Impact on Physical Health?

https://www.healthcaretoolbox.org/latest-news/24-training-education/487-more-than-the-nice-thing-to-do-does-trauma-informed-care-really-make-an-impact-on-physical-health.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+HealthCareToolbox+%28Health+Care+Toolbox%29

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16.  Vicarious trauma

***   This topic under construction ******

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Stressed? Running on empty? It’s not compassion fatigue

https://theconversation.com/stressed-running-on-empty-its-not-compassion-fatigue-79326

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17.  The concepts of “Resilience”, “Grit” and “Healing”

***   This topic under construction ******

 .

https://www.holyrood.com/articles/comment/resilience-can-never-be-taken-granted

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The steps that can help adults heal from childhood trauma

https://theconversation.com/the-steps-that-can-help-adults-heal-from-childhood-trauma-77152      (also see “Comments” section of this post)

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Self-Healing Communities
A Transformational Process Model for Improving Intergenerational Health

http://www.rwjf.org/content/dam/farm/reports/reports/2016/rwjf430225

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*** Research Journal Article Links ***(B)

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CLICK HERE to go to Research Journal Article Links

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*** Social Media Links***(C)

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 CLICK HERE to go to Social Media Links

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Want more ?    
CLICK FOR MORE RESOURCES:  Developmental Trauma

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1.   Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Studies:   CLICK HERE

 2.  Childhood Trauma Impacts Overview:                      CLICK HERE

Click for Resources: Social Media on Childhood Trauma Impacts

Click for Resources: Journal Articles on Developmental Trauma Impacts

 3.   Trauma-Informed Schools                                               CLICK HERE 

 4.  Trauma-Informed Social Services                                CLICK HERE 

 5.   Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice                             CLICK HERE

 6.  Trauma-Informed Public Policy                                   CLICK HERE

 7.  Childhood Trauma Training and Tools                     CLICK HERE

 8.  Book and Publication selections                                CLICK HERE

9.   #800 phone numbers                                                         CLICK HERE

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“Like” us at  “Trauma-Informed Pedagogy” on Facebook

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The resources listed here are envisioned to be part of an evolving,  “living” list.
Please “comment” below with any questions, suggestions, additions, updates, or errors.

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