An Evidence-Based Indictment of Inaction


An Evidence-Based Indictment of Inaction

          …Children’s lives hang in the balance






As edited at WHYY / NewsWorks here:


Powerful and surprisingly prevalent horrors are blocking access to education and ravaging children’s lives.  Sadly, they remain “the elephant in the classroom”: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).

ACEs include physical, sexual, and emotional abuse [including bullying], physical and emotional neglect, a missing parent (due to separation, divorce, incarceration, or death), witnessing household substance abuse, violence, or mental illness. Environmental violence and more.

Developmental (or ‘Childhood’) trauma after ACEs is unidentified or misunderstood and often worsened within school systems, including the School District of Philadelphia (SDP).  Experts call it a “crisis”.


Trauma during development is especially heinous.


Some adults normalize the pain and fear of the injured child, thinking “they’ll get over it.”  Actually, it’s the opposite.  Young children have fewer coping mechanisms and their immature brains are still developing.  The impacts of trauma are greater on the still-developing brain.





School children deciding to take their own lives  are a ‘silent’, but persistent indictment. 


Trauma impacts children, learning and schools, via its laser-like effects on the physical structure of the brain.  It damages cognition.  The specific changes to brain architecture damage children’s memory systems, their ability to think, to organize multiple priorities (“executive function”), and hence to learn, particularly literacy skills.


Next, the changes to the trauma-impacted children’s neurobiology children’s also predispose them to hyper-vigilance and suspicion, leading them to misread social cues.  Their aggressive, ‘hair trigger’ defenses are often set off by deep fear-memories outside of their explicit consciousness.


Adults’ view of students’ seemingly illogical, or oppositional behavior, is often one of shock, confusion, frustration and maybe anger.  If we act on our uninformed views, we risk re-triggering more of the child’s trauma, and even more aggression.


In the spirit of ‘zero-tolerance’, many times schools blame and punish students for logical behaviors connected to their trauma-based injuries.


Punishment can seem appropriate in the moment, but does not address the child’s injury.  Instead, the data says, it feeds “the school-to-prison pipeline“. 



If schools are to be guided by data, the data says more than 2 of 3 children experience at least one ACE:  children of all incomes, all colors, all social levels, all educational levels.  It is all of us.


CDC scientists  found that even in beautiful, suburban San Diego about one-fourth of middle class, mostly white, college educated, working folks with medical insurance had THREE or more ACEs!  The lifelong impacts are shocking and alarming.


Three or more ACEs is significant because three+ ACEs correlate with doubled risk of depression, severe obesity, drug abuse, lung disease, and liver disease. It triples the risk of alcoholism, STDs and teen pregnancy.

Three ACEs correlate with a 5X increase in attempted suicide.



Nevertheless, most school districts do not train or fund or allocate staff to recognize and respond to the devastating impacts of developmental trauma. Three or four folks on-staff at the district, based downtown at headquarters is a shameful, inappropriate investment in addressing the massive scourge across the city of more than two-hundred thousand school children.

School-based staff, given insufficient training and resources, can fail to connect the curse of developmental trauma to social behaviors and academic learning.  Yet, we  have to fight to include in a single counselor in each school ?  And so, the crisis continues.






 All children in the classroom are denied equal access to their education as a result of unidentified developmental trauma, and adult ignorance and inaction.



Denied access” includes students who are trauma-impacted  and then the rest of our students in the same classrooms trying to learn in the midst of frequent chaos around their trauma-impacted peers.

Continuing damage to children’s cognitive functions is only the beginning:  Over time, children’s self-confidence disintegrates, further dismantling their learning “results” and the district’s educational mission. Then, trauma-impacted children’s natural, aggressive defenses can skyrocket when uninformed adults miscalculate punitively.  All this in context of a “Common Core” of standardized learning, standardized testing and synchronized timing, which are all in direct conflict with education equity for trauma-impacted children (and thus making year-to-year comparisons meaningless).

At this point many frustrated learners and families lose trust in their school.   All the above carnage, in turn, dissolves public confidence in public education, which finally, in a ‘perfect storm’, destroys public willingness to invest in public education.

Ultimately all of us are damaged by developmental trauma, including all students’ families and the citizens of Philadelphia.


Scarce funds in public education must be re-prioritized  toward system-wide, trauma-informed practice, driven by a vision of equity and educational process leadership in Philadelphia.
District leaders must be held accountable for their inaction in the interim.  They have clear data and strategies that can help stop further damaging trauma-impacted children.
It is time for adults to stand up and indict district leadership.
Doing nothing is unethical and morally wrong.
Children’s lives hang in the balance.


As published at WHYY / NewsWorks here:


To learn more about the impacts of childhood trauma, click here,  here and here.


“Like” us at  “Trauma-Informed Schools” on Facebook


9 thoughts on “ An Evidence-Based Indictment of Inaction”

  1. I agree with the assessment. But as a teachers what do I do? Oftentimes these children are violent, manipulative and needy. How do I protect the other 24-30 children and at the same time de-escalate the dangerous behavior? I often find myself between a rock and a hard place with little training, low support, high expectations, and possible recriminations.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I can offer a starting point to begin training and discussions around how educators can respond differently to these very challenging behaviors, reduce re-traumatization for the child, and reduce “drama” for the entire classroom. This is just a free trng. resource to share with faculty, and begin the process of increasing trauma sensitivity:
      This is a 43 minute video that comes with a toolkit for handouts, discussion questions, activities for faculty, and other resources for training. This resource is listed on the website.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Dear Firstgrademonkey, You have hit upon “the $64,000 question”. There is no short or easy answer that I know of. I would be suspicious of anyone who offers a short simple solution. My beginning thoughts (for discussion) are in the final section of my article: (Nowhere to Hide) “The Elephant in the Classroom”. I would love to hear your feedback re that piece!


  3. Excellent article. I agree with it, but would add some further thoughts: we must address trauma occurring within schools and done by educators, another elephant in the room or out on the field. When parents try to protect their children, oftentimes school admin victim-blame. The re-victimization done to children adds another ACE. Teachers and coaches and school admin need to be very well educated in child abuse: emotional, sexual, physical. They need to be experts. No one should be teaching or coaching without this knowledge.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Thank you for sharing Jennifer! You are right on target. Schools as a ‘source’ of more trauma happens in multiple ways:

    “Adults’ view of students’ seemingly illogical, or oppositional behavior, is often one of shock, confusion, frustration and maybe anger. If we act on our uninformed views, we risk re-triggering more of the child’s trauma, and even more aggression.

    In the spirit of ‘zero-tolerance’, many times schools blame and punish students for logical behaviors connected to their trauma-based injuries”.


  5. Great information…would love to have seen more discussion regarding the school-to-prison pipeline. These children, our children, eventually reach adulthood and the negative impacts of this unaddressed trauma are exacerbated.


  6. I’m doing professional development presentations in our schools systems now. All school staff should be trauma-informed and aware the effect ACEs has on our children. However, even in a perfect world where we could identify, treat each child individually and bring them to healthiness…we still haven’t taught them how to be better parents. If we are going to work harder to identify and treat ACEs in elementary and middle school then we also need to be following up with parenting and child development education reaching all high school students.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you for sharing Rene! You make a very salient point. ACE impacts must be viewed and supported from a whole family perspective. As you probably know, there is much evidence that ACEs can be (or become) generational.


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